The followings are some of the more recent advances that have been presented in Hydrocarbon Publishing's Worldwide Refinery Processing Review since the beginning of 2008.
The ability for crude producers and refiners to take advantage of new or changing market factors has long been determined by their ability to efficiently implement state-of-the-art technology in highly complex, integrated plants. In terms of opportunity crudes processing, technology companies are faced with the challenge of providing reliable processing equipment that can handle heavier feeds with increasing quantities of contaminants. Furthermore, the acidic nature of many new crudes being processed poses additional challenges in terms of corrosion and fouling prevention.
Novel technologies are being deployed upstream—for heavy oil extraction and/or partial upgrading—and downstream—to allow refineries to deal with shifting feedstock without impacting current operations. Upstream techniques largely focus on methods for lowering the viscosity of bitumen-derived crudes and extra-heavy oils via thermal or catalytic means to produce synthetic crude oil (SCO) streams. Downstream technology advances focus on new processing methods and/or improvements to existing residue conversion processes (i.e., coking, visbreaking, resid FCC, resid hydroprocessing, etc.). Looking forward, the success of the technologies discussed here will go a long way in determining the most profitable rout to processing opportunity crude feeds via upstream heavy oil upgrading and in downstream residue processing units.
Improve crude diet flexibility and increase your profits with the Baker Hughes Crude Oil Management™ approach—a proactive way to overcome the processing challenges of different crude blends. For more information, visit here
Baker Hughes' TOLAD™ cold-flow additives enhance the low-temperature handling properties of biofuels, petroleum fuels, residual oils, and crude oils. For more information, visit here
Maxxam Analytics' offers services to predict and measure viscosity of crude oil blends. For more information, visit here
XPLORER-NS analyzer by TE Instruments can measure simultaneously total sulfur and total nitrogen of refinery feedstock ranging from low ppb's to high ppm's, yet the analyzer is the smallest in today's market. For more information, visit here
Exova's expertise in oil pipeline corrosion testing helps operators identify variables ahead of the problems, e.g. construction materials, operating conditions, designs, fabrication, and of course, and crude sour levels. For more information, visit here